This paper focuses on the time when Angola moved from war to peace. Drawing on research conducted between 1996 and 2010, the paper examines how people’s interactions with the border have changed. With the end of the war and the rehabilitation of the formal border crossing, legal restrictions and practical obstacles to movement have relaxed. At the same time, the conventions – based on informal, ‘illicit’ understandings between local officials and inhabitants on both sides of the border – that operated for many years have been undermined. There has been both an ‘opening’ and ‘closing’ of the border. The breaking of these conventions has reduced the size of the zone of informal exchange, or borderlands.
New paper on the Zambia–Angola borderlands
- 28 November 2012
IMI Co-Director Oliver Bakewell has published a working paper exploring the changing relationship between the people of North-Western Zambia and the nearby border with Angola