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  • Global Sociology

    22 July 2015

  • Institutional legacies, employment and professional integration of non-EU/EEA doctors in France

    22 July 2015

    Internationally, policies for attracting highly-skilled migrants have become the guidelines mainly used by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Governments are implementing specific procedures to capture and facilitate their mobility. However, all professions are not equal when it comes to welcoming highly-skilled migrants. The medical profession, as a protective market, is one of these. Taking the case of non-EU/EEA doctors in France, this paper shows that the medical profession defined as the closed labour market, remains the most controversial in terms of professional integration of migrants, protectionist barriers to migrant competition and challenge of medical shortage. Based on the path-dependency approach, this paper argues that non-EU/EEA doctors' issues in France derive from a complex historical process of interaction between standards settled in the past, particularly the historical power of medical corporatism, the unexpected long-term effects of French hospital reforms of 1958, and budgetary pressures. Theoretically, this paper shows two significant findings. Firstly, the French medical system has undergone a series of transformations unthinkable in the strict sense of path-dependence approach: an opening of the medical profession to foreign physicians in the context of the Europeanisation of public policy, acceptance of non-EU/EEA doctors in a context of medical shortage and budgetary pressures. Secondly, there is no change of the overall paradigm: significantly, the recruitment policies of non-EU/EEA doctors continue to highlight the imprint of the past and reveal a significant persistence of prejudices. Non-EU/EEA doctors are not considered legitimate doctors even if they have the qualifications of physicians which are legitimate in their country and which can be recognised in other receiving countries.

  • Conceptualizing and measuring migration policy change

    3 December 2015

    This paper outlines the methodology of DEMIG POLICY, a new database tracking around 6,000 migration policy changes in 45 countries between 1945 and 2014. The article conceptualizes the notion of migration policy change and presents the coding system used to operationalize policy content, changes in policy restrictiveness, as well as the magnitude of policy changes. The paper also discusses the potential of DEMIG POLICY to improve our understanding of the nature, evolution, and effectiveness of migration policies. Besides significantly extending the geographical and historical coverage of existing migration policy databases, DEMIG POLICY also tracks emigration policies in order to overcome the common ‘receiving country bias’ in migration research. By offering key insights into the main features of the largest migration policy database completed to date, this paper hopes to provide useful guidelines to improve future efforts to measure migration policies. Such improvement is crucial given the heated debates on migration policy effectiveness on one hand and the still limited empirical evidence on this issue on the other.

  • Transnational politics and political integration among migrants in Europe

    29 February 2016

    Why do some migrants vote in their countries of destination while others vote in the elections of their origin countries? Existing literature on migrant politics is divided into studies of political participation in receiving countries and transnational politics with migrant homelands. This separation conceals the extent to which receiving and origin-country electoral politics reflect two different processes. In this paper, I investigate whether the determinants of migrant voting in receiving and origin countries differ and the relationship between receiving and origin country voting. I emphasise how migrants are embedded in multi-layered contexts by analysing the effects of country-level contextual factors on the odds of voting in receiving and origin country national elections. Using random sample survey data representative at the local-city level from the LOCALMULTIDEM dataset (2004–2008), this study offers the first quantitative cross-national analysis of the determinants of migrants’ receiving and origin country voting across Europe. Findings reveal the determinants of voting ‘here’ and ‘there’ do in fact vary. However, immigrants who vote in destination country elections are also likely to vote in homeland elections – suggesting that politically motivated immigrants may vote ‘here’ and ‘there’. This research contributes to existing literature by offering comparative evidence revealing a cross-border simultaneity inherent in migrants’ electoral political agency.

  • Research

    1 January 2012


  • Conference themes

    24 September 2013

  • THEMIS data

    13 October 2015

  • Blog

    19 September 2016


  • DEMIG data

    13 August 2015

  • Files Library

    30 June 2017

  • Events

    30 June 2017

  • News & media

    30 June 2017

  • Data

    30 June 2017

  • Completed projects

    30 June 2017

  • Development, inequality and change

    21 April 2017

    Migration has fundamental implications for development and social change in destination and origin countries. We analyse how migration affects social, cultural and economic change as well as patterns of inequality. We focus on understanding why migration has more positive outcomes in some contexts, while more negative outcomes in others.

  • Diasporas and identity

    21 April 2017

    Globalisation has dramatically increased the scope for migrants and their descendants to sustain long-distance links with origin societies, often over generations. We focus on how diasporas are formed; their impact on identity; the roles of migrant and diaspora organisations; and whether diasporas challenge classical models of immigrant integration and the nation state.

  • Drivers and dynamics

    16 December 2014

    Development processes shape human mobility in fundamental and often counter-intuitive ways. We examine how internal and international migration is driven by wider social, economic, technological and political transformations. Our research challenges assumptions that development will reduce migration and the sedentary foundations of much research and policy.

  • Policy and states

    21 April 2017

    The effectiveness of migration policies is highly contested. We examine the changing role of origin and destination states in migration processes by analysing their explicit attempts to intervene through migration policies and the impact of other policy areas, such as trade and taxation. Our research helps to understand why policies often fail to meet their stated objectives.